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Tuesday, May 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of Freezing and thawing of concrete found in the catalog.

Freezing and thawing of concrete

W. A. Condon

Freezing and thawing of concrete

mechanisms and control

by W. A. Condon

  • 16 Want to read
  • 28 Currently reading

Published by American Concrete Institute .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementby W.A. Condon.
SeriesACI monograph -- no.3
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19808557M

concrete Powers et al. [], Everett [5], Setzer [6], Valenza and Scherer [7], and Penttala [8,9]. Papers discussing the stresses and strains generated into freezing concrete have been.   For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - - Duration: Lectures by Walter Lewin. They will make you ♥ Physics. Recommended for you.

  Very little work has been documented on the freezing and thawing durability of air-entrained concrete. This paper presents experimental study on the relative dynamic modulus of elasticity and weight loss of C20, C25, C30, C40, and C50 air-entrained concretes after 0, , , , and cycles of freeze-thaw according to “the test method Cited by: Ghafoori, N. and Mathis, R., "Prediction of Freezing and Thawing Durability of Concrete Paving Blocks," ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol Issue 1, pp. 45–51, February Haisler, J., Freeze–Thaw Durability of Segmental Retaining Wall Blocks, Master of Science thesis, The University of Texas at Austin,

Product Information. Concrete durability in climates where freezing and thawing occurs is a continuing problem. It is particularly acute for road and bridge structures, where de-icing salts are used to combat the effects of frost, snow and ice. Freezing and thawing resistanc Staff View; Cite this; Text this; Email this; Export Record. Export to EndNoteWeb; Export to EndNote; Save to List; Add to Book Bag Remove from Book Bag. Saved in: Freezing and thawing resistance of high-strength concrete / a Freezing and thawing resistance of high-strength concrete / |c Robert E. Philleo.


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Freezing and thawing of concrete by W. A. Condon Download PDF EPUB FB2

“damage to concrete caused by extreme temperature variations as noted by random pattern cracking.” A severe exposure condition on portland cement concrete structures is exposure to cycles of freezing and thawing.

Air entrainment is used to enhance the freeze-thaw resistance of portland cement concrete exposed to an external environment. The typical deterioration of concrete exposed to. This test method covers the determination of the resistance of concrete specimens to rapidly repeated cycles of freezing and thawing in the laboratory by two different procedures: Procedure A, Rapid Freezing and Thawing in Water, and Procedure B, Rapid Freezing in Air and Thawing in Water.

Both procedures are intended for use in determining the effects of variations in the properties of. Selecting aggregate that is resistant to cycles of freezing and thawing, entraining air so that a proper air-void system is obtained, and achieving a certain maturity (about 24 MPa ( psi) compressive strength) enable concrete to resist damage from cycles of.

Get this from a library. Resistance of concrete to freezing and thawing. [Donald J Janssen; Mark B Snyder; Strategic Highway Research Program (U.S.)] -- This study, aimed at improving the freeze-thaw resistance of concrete, consists of three parts.

Part I evaluates parameters affecting the freeze-thaw durability of concrete. A modification of the. Get this from a library. Freezing and thawing of concrete; mechanisms and control. [William A Cordon] -- Discussion of the behaviour of various concrete structures exposed to freezing and thawing is followed by theories regarding mechanisms which cause this behaviour, and methods of preventing concrete.

Report on Cooperative Freezing-and-Thawing Tests of Concrete A program of cooperative freezing-and-thawing tests of concrete specimens was conducted by thirteen laboratories using the four ASTM Tentative Methods of Test.

Three concrete mixtures were used, involving different aggregates and two different air contents. Ian Sims, Bev Brown, in Lea's Chemistry of Cement and Concrete (Fourth Edition), Freeze–thaw soundness and frost susceptibility.

The resistance of aggregate to freezing and thawing cycles and to freezing whilst wet is of importance for concretes with surfaces exposed to winter weather, especially if also subjected to de-icing chemicals. Because of the difficulty in devising tests which. In Building Materials in Civil Engineering, 2 Frost Resistance of Concrete.

The frost resistance of concrete is the property that concrete resist the role of freeze-thaw cycles without damage when it suffers frost in the saturated state.

The reason for freeze-thaw damage is that: the volume of water inside concrete expands after freezing, and fine cracks will appear when the expansive. Freezing and thawing of concrete;: Mechanisms and control (ACI monograph) [Cordon, William A] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Freezing and thawing of concrete;: Mechanisms and control (ACI monograph)Price: $ American Concrete Institute, - Technology & Engineering - 99 pages 0 Reviews Discussion of the behaviour of various concrete structures exposed to freezing and thawing is followed by theories regarding mechanisms which cause this behaviour, and methods of preventing concrete deterioration.

pore systems do not show susceptibility to damage from freezing and thawing while other pore systems do. In addition to the air-entrainment of concrete as mentioned above, efforts have also focused on identifying the aggregates with acceptable pore systems for. Concrete durability in climates where freezing and thawing occurs is a continuing problem.

It is particularly acute for highway and bridge structures, where de-icing salts are used to combat the effects of frost, snow and ice.

These salts can cause damage to concrete and accelerate corrosion of reinforcements. This book presents the latest international research on this area, with.

Freeze Thaw Resistance of Pervious Concrete objective of using pervious concrete is lost, let alone the issue of freeze-thaw resistance. It is imperative that the design detail of pervious concrete pavement ensures that water flow around the project site is adequately diverted so as to preclude and minimize clogging of the pervious concrete Size: 1MB.

Concrete having an adequate air-void system may not be resistant to freezing and thawing if it contains coarse aggregate that becomes critically saturated. An aggregate particle is considered to be critically saturated when there is insufficient unfilled pore space to accommodate the expansion of water that accompanies the freezing.

The external freezing and the subsequent thawing can generate pore pressure associated with the water phase change in pores that high enough to cause damage in the solid matrix of concrete.

The damage extent can be further enhanced by the presence of salts on the concrete surface, resulting in significant surface scaling of RC elements. The American Concrete Institute. Founded in and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete.

When AF w values after 25 cycles of freezing–thawing in air-entrained concrete samples are examined, it is observed that for those with 10% addition, partial frost loss is times less than the control sample and for those with 20 and 30% addition, partial frost loss is and times less than the control sample, respectively.

In Author: Sabit Oymael, Alper Bideci, Özlem Sallı Bideci. Concrete Construction Book + PDF download Freezing and thawing are concrete's worst enemies, especially when it's in the curing stage.

We'll discuss preventative measures to use in freezing temperatures later. Concrete can withstand a tremendous amount of heat. Because of its resistance to fire, it's the material of choice in fire-hazard areas. The Scientemp Freeze/Thaw Machine complies with the ASTM C specifications, Procedure A and B, which test for resistance of concrete to rapid freezing and thawing.

It is ideal for large scale quality testing of concrete aggregates as well as research and development programs for various concrete additives. before concrete is subjected to cycles of freezing and thawing [8].

A maximum w/cm is also typically specified. For buildings, the ACI [9] Building Code for Structural Concrete estab-lishes exposure classes for concrete members based on anticipated exposure and has requirements as shown in Table 1.

Guidance is provided in the commentary. There are many criterions and trials available for sing that concrete resists freezing and melt. One of the criterions is the ASTM: C “ Standard trial method for Resistance of Concrete to Rapid Freezing and Thawing ”.

In this criterion a trial method is proposed to mensurate the opposition of freezing and melt rhythms from a concrete.defined freezing and thawing cycles in the presence of deicing salt - as a rule sodium chloride solution (CDF), and leads to an estimate of the freeze-thaw and deicing salt resistance of the concrete tested.

It can be used to test an exposed surface of concrete structures or of precast concrete products, and to File Size: KB.The exposure of high-strength concrete to rapid freezing and thawing in a controlled environment is studied.

Experimental tests consisted of measuring the dynamic modulus of elasticity, modulus of.